Morphine-Sulfate-Extended-Release 100mg .
Morphine sulfate extended-release tablets should be prescribed only by healthcare professionals who are knowledgeable in the use of potent opioids for the management of chronic pain.
Initiate the dosing regimen for each patient individually, taking into account the patient’s prior analgesic treatment experience and risk factors for addiction, abuse, and misuse [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Monitor patients closely for respiratory depression, especially within the first 24 to 72 hours of initiating therapy with morphine sulfate extended-release tablets [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Morphine sulfate extended-release tablets must be taken whole. Crushing, chewing, or dissolving morphine sulfate extended-release tablets will result in uncontrolled delivery of morphine and can lead to overdose or death [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Morphine sulfate extended-release capsules contain polymer-coated morphine sulfate pellets that are formulated to deliver sustained plasma morphine levels with minimal fluctuation. Morphine sulfate extended-release capsules, the only opioid formulation indicated in the US for both once- and twice-daily (every 12 and every 24 h) dosing, is approved in eight dosage strengths and is effective against pain from diverse sources in a variety of patient types. The formulation of morphine sulfate extended-release capsules allows flexible dosing options: capsules can be taken whole or the contents can be sprinkled on apple sauce or delivered via a gastrostomy tube. Morphine sulfate extended-release capsules have no immediate-release component and no components that would limit high doses.
The bioavailability of morphine sulfate extended-release capsules is not compromised when taken with food and dose dumping (immediate elevations in dose) does not occur when morphine sulfate extended-release capsules are taken concomitantly with alcohol. Nearly all patients taking morphine sulfate extended-release capsules for pain relief adhere to the recommended dosing frequency. The flexibility available with morphine sulfate extended-release capsules may offer clinical advantages for pain management.
Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start using morphine and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication on a regular schedule as directed by your doctor, not as needed for sudden (breakthrough) pain. Take this drug with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually every 8 hours or 12 hours. Some brands should only be taken every 12 hours. If you have nausea, it may help to take this drug with food. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about other ways to decrease nausea (such as lying down for 1 to 2 hours with as little head movement as possible). If nausea persists, see your doctor.
Swallow the tablets whole. Do not break, crush, chew, or dissolve the tablet. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of morphine overdose.
The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than prescribed, because your risk of side effects may increase. Properly stop the medication when so directed.
Before you start taking this medication, ask your doctor or pharmacist if you should stop or change how you use your other opioid medication(s). Other pain relievers (such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen) may also be prescribed. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about using morphine safely with other drugs.
Suddenly stopping this medication may cause withdrawal, especially if you have used it for a long time or in high doses. To prevent withdrawal, your doctor may lower your dose slowly. Tell your doctor or pharmacist right away if you have any withdrawal symptoms such as restlessness, mental/mood changes (including anxiety, trouble sleeping, thoughts of suicide), watering eyes, runny nose, nausea, diarrhea, sweating, muscle aches, or sudden changes in behavior.
When this medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.
Though it helps many people, this medication may sometimes cause addiction. This risk may be higher if you have a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/alcohol). Take this medication exactly as prescribed to lower the risk of addiction. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
Tell your doctor if your pain does not get better or if it gets worse.
The dosage of the drug has to be determined by the medical practitioner but under normal circumstances, a generic dose for the different age group of people can be defined. For children below the age of 13, the recommended dosage amount is 5 – 10mg every 4 hours in a day with 60mg being the maximum limit for the day. For young adults below the age of 18, the recommended dosage amount is 10-15mg every 4 hours in a day with 120mg being a maximum limit for the day. For adults above the age of 18, the recommended dosage amount is 15-20mg every 4 hours in a day with 120mg being the maximum dose limit for the day.
Side effects :
See also Warning section.
Nausea, vomiting, constipation, sweating, lightheadedness, dizziness, or drowsiness may occur. Some of these side effects may decrease after you have been using this medication for a while. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
To prevent constipation, eat dietary fiber, drink enough water, and exercise. You may also need to take a laxative. Ask your pharmacist which type of laxative is right for you.
To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.
An empty tablet shell may appear in your stool. This effect is harmless because your body has already absorbed the medication.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: interrupted breathing during sleep (sleep apnea), mental/mood changes (such as agitation, confusion, hallucinations), severe stomach/abdominal pain, difficulty urinating, signs of your adrenal glands not working well (such as loss of appetite, unusual tiredness, weight loss).
Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including: fainti
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